Exploring the “Green”
A Review of Environment and Ecology as Embedded in the Historical Literature of Pre-Colonial Assam
Keywords:Green History, Environment, Ecology, Historical Literature, Assam, Green History, Environmental History, Ecology, Kamarupa, Ahom Kingdom, Buranji, Pre-Colonial Assam
“Green history” in general refers to environmental history that traces the development of human–nature relationships and patterns of natural resource extraction and mobilization in our past. Needless to say, a concern for the “green” is becoming a fast-developing field of enquiry given the growing incidence of environmental hazards across the world. However, comparatively, in India, environmental history is yet to make much headway. That is why David Arnold and Ramchandra Guha, the pioneers of environmental history in India, have remarked that environmental history in India, and South Asia in general, is under-developed as a discipline. Assam, situated in the north-eastern part of India, has always been known for its rich flora and fauna and diverse biodiversity hot spots. This region shows a great diversity of climate, topography, and geology, which explains the rich biological diversity of this part of the country. But, interestingly enough, very few studies have been undertaken to examine the environmental history of Assam, and most of them are on the colonial period. This paper aims to review particular references to the ecology and environment of pre-colonial Assam that are embedded in the available historical literature.
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