Ecology, Economy and Society–the INSEE Journal <p>Ecology, Economy and Society – the INSEE Journal is an open access, peer reviewed journal of Indian Society for Ecological Economics (<a href="">INSEE</a>), a registered society since 1999. It is indexed in Scopus and recognized by the <a href="">UGC-CARE</a>. <br /><em>EES</em> offers authors a forum to address socio-environmental issues from, across and within the natural and social sciences, with an aim to promote methodological pluralism and inter-disciplinary research.</p> Indian Society for Ecological Economics (INSEE) en-US Ecology, Economy and Society–the INSEE Journal 2581-6152 <p><strong>Copyright</strong></p> <p>The author(s) retain copyright on work published by INSEE unless specified otherwise.</p> <p><strong>Licensing and publishing rights</strong></p> <p><span class="gmail_default" style="font-family: georgia, serif; font-size: small; color: #274e13;">​</span>Author(s) of work published by INSEE are required to <span class="gmail_default" style="font-family: georgia, serif; font-size: small; color: #274e13;">​​</span>transfer non-exclusive publishing right to INSEE of the definitive work in any format, language and medium, for any lawful purpose.</p> <p>Authors who publish in Ecology, Economy and Society will release their articles under the <u><a href="">Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International</a></u> (CC BY-NC 4.0) license. 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The retained right specifically includes the right to post the article on the authors’ or their institution’s websites or in institutional repositories.</p> <p>In case of re-publishing a previously published work, author may note that earlier publication may have taken place a license different from Creative Commons. In all such cases of re-publishing, we advise the authors to consult the applicable licence at article level.</p> When the “Field” Moves Online <p> NA</p> Chandni Singh Sheetal Patil Prathigna Poonacha Maitreyi Koduganti Swarnika Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 Chandni Singh , Sheetal Patil, Prathigna Poonacha, Maitreyi Koduganti, Swarnika Sharma 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 149 157 10.37773/ees.v4i2.414 Self-care or Delay in Seeking Healthcare <p>NA</p> Shivanand Savatagi Basappa Copyright (c) 2021 shivanand savatagi 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 159 164 10.37773/ees.v4i2.479 Solar Microgrids in Rural India <p>This study evaluates the benefits that rural households in India derive from dedicated solar microgrid service systems. A case study was conducted in Lakshmipura-Jharla, Rajasthan, a village in western India with significant potential for producing solar energy. In 2013, a private investor set up a solar microgrid in the village and distributed energy-efficient appliances. Its goal was to give poor households access to modern energy services. The study data were collected through a survey conducted among randomly selected households in the village. The survey found that such an electricity provision service had multidimensional benefits: flexible use of the energy service, more effective time allocation among women, more study time for students, improved indoor air quality, and safer public places. Given the initial unmet demand for modern energy in the village, technological interventions supported by policy has helped to expand consumption possibilities and new demand for services has emerged. The household-level frontier rebound effect is estimated to be more than 100%, reflecting a one-and-a-half times increase in the demand for illumination services among rural households. Frontier rebound effect estimates help quantify the benefits of solar microgrids and energy-efficient appliances for households in rural areas...</p> Debalina Chakravarty Joyashree Roy Copyright (c) 2021 Debalina Chakravarty, Joyashree Roy 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 65 93 10.37773/ees.v4i2.140 Adoption of Soil Conservation Measures <p>Land degradation resulting from soil erosion is a major problem in rain-fed agricultural areas in India. This study analyses the key determinants of farmers’ decisions to adopt on-farm soil and water conservation (SWC) measures in the rain-fed watershed areas of Siddipet district in Telangana. Here, SWC measures have been undertaken by the government and NGOs at the sub-watershed/community level and by individual farmers at the farm level. The study is based on a primary survey of over 400 farmers conducted in January–March 2018. In addition to estimating the influence of biophysical and market access variables on farmers’ decisions to undertake SWC practices, the study includes a logistic model that found a complementarity between community and individual plot-level interventions to improve soil health. The findings also highlight the influence of conservation measures practised in the neighbourhood on farmers’ decisions to implement SWC measures.</p> Dayakar Peddi Kavi Kumar KS Copyright (c) 2021 Dayakar Peddi, Kavi Kumar KS 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 95 117 10.37773/ees.v4i2.273 Economic Transformation of the Nicobar Islands Post-tsunami <p>Natural disasters can have lasting impacts on regional economies. Island economies, in particular, have protracted recoveries from disasters due to their location, size, and economic dependence on trading partners. As imports and exports are especially explicit and discernible in ports, islands facilitate investigations on the long-term effects of disaster relief, reconstruction, and redevelopment on trade. In this paper, we examine the transformational impact of the 2004 Indian ocean earthquake and tsunami. We examine changes to physical imports and exports in the archipelago to reflect on the social, economic, and ecological impacts of the 2004 disaster and subsequent recovery. We analyse disaggregated physical import and export data for 2003–2017 from revenue ports in the Nicobar Islands in India along with data from field surveys and interviews conducted on the islands. We find that while the archipelago’s physical trade balance has been continuously growing since 2003, it increased at a higher rate after the disaster and thereafter stabilized to levels comparable to the pre-tsunami period. However, further analysis indicates that the nature and quantity of physical imports during this period, such as of fuel and construction materials, are unprecedented; and there are diverging trajectories of redevelopment within the archipelago...</p> Shaina Sehgal Suresh Babu Copyright (c) 2021 Shaina Sehgal, Suresh Babu 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 119 147 10.37773/ees.v4i2.331 Why Socio-metabolic Studies are Central to Ecological Economics <p>Global material extraction has tripled since the 1970s, with more than 100 billion tonnes of materials entering the world economy each year. Only 8.6% of this is recycled, while 61% ends up as waste and emissions that is the leading cause of global warming, and large-scale pollution of land, rivers, and oceans. This paper introduces Socio-metabolic Research (SMR) and demonstrates its relevance for ecological economics scholarship in India. SMR is a research framework for studying the biophysical stocks and flows of material and energy associated with societal production and consumption. SMR is widely conducted in Europe, US, and China. In India, it is still at an infant stage. In this paper, we review pioneering efforts of SMR in India, and make the case for advancing the field in the sub-continent. The crucial question is whether India can source materials and energy necessary for human development in a sustainable manner.</p> Simron J Singh Simran Talwar Megha Shenoy Copyright (c) 2021 Simron Jit Singh, Simran Talwar, Megha Shenoy 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 21 43 10.37773/ees.v4i2.461 Using Economic Instruments to Fix the Liability of Polluters in India <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This review paper highlights the informational requirements for the effective use of environmental policy instruments to achieve ambient standards of pollution in India. A section on the Integrated Urban Air Pollution Assessment Model is attempted to identify data requirements for, and information gaps associated with, using these instruments. We review the available information and identify informational gaps that thwart the realization of ambient standards of environmental quality. In India, command-and-control instruments are arbitrarily used to assign liability without taking cognizance of economic estimates. The available cost–benefit estimates of air and water pollution, combined with air quality modelling for urban areas and water quality modelling, are essential inputs for using environmental policy instruments to ensure compliance with ambient standards. We discuss how to use economic estimates while designing and using economic instruments such as pollution taxes and pollution permits, in addition to command and control.</span></p> Sukanya Das MN Murty Kavita Sardana Copyright (c) 2021 Sukanya Das, M N Murty, Kavita Sardana 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 45 64 10.37773/ees.v4i2.363 Thinking Ahead Towards Converging Perspectives Kanchan Chopra Copyright (c) 2021 Kanchan Chopra 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 1 3 10.37773/ees.v4i2.524 Making Nature Count <p>Earth’s biodiversity is the ultimate engine of local and global economies and compromising the renewability of our natural resources will ultimately halt economic growth. Despite this, humankind has continued to exploit natural resources such as fisheries and forests at highly unsustainable rates in the pursuit of flawed development paradigms and simplistic metrics such as gross domestic product (GDP). This has already led to the loss of natural habitats and the decline and extinction of species as well as consequences such as an increase in zoonotic pandemics. <em>The Economics of Biodiversity</em>, a recent report by Sir Partha Dasgupta, addresses how the failure of our current institutions has brought us to where we stand and suggests ways by which we may reform our economic thought to mitigate the impacts on biodiversity. The report identifies important first steps: changing the way we measure economic “success”...</p> Umesh Srinivasan Kartik Shanker Copyright (c) 2021 Umesh Srinivasan, Kartik Shanker 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 5 12 10.37773/ees.v4i2.463 Conserving Economics for Biodiversity <p><em>The Economics of Biodiversity: The Dasgupta Review</em> (Dasgupta 2021), henceforth the Review, tells us that we are embedded <em>in</em> Nature and our economies are bounded <em>within </em>Nature. It helps us estimate the value of natural capital and include it in estimations of economic output. The Review’s key messages concern (i) keeping our demands well within Nature’s supply, (ii) moving away from gross domestic product (GDP) towards inclusive wealth as a measure of economic success, and (iii) acknowledging the institutional failure in addressing global environmental problems and resolving them through institutional reforms in the financial and education systems. However, this commentary suggests that the Review is about conserving economics for biodiversity. It offers little opportunity for transformative change in our thinking and acting, to change our relationship with Nature so that we can conserve its diversity and dynamism...</p> Rajeswari S Raina Copyright (c) 2021 Rajeswari S Raina 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 13 19 10.37773/ees.v4i2.464 Rethinking Delhi, When Ecological Consciousness Crosses Paths with Bourgeoise Imaginaries Avishek Ray Copyright (c) 2021 Avishek Ray 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 165 168 10.37773/ees.v4i2.457 Economics for the Everyday Aurko Mahapatra Copyright (c) 2021 Aurko Mahapatra 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 169 171 10.37773/ees.v4i2.456 Ecology and Socialism to Ecosocialism Nandan Nawn Copyright (c) 2021 Nandan Nawn 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 4 2 173 176 10.37773/ees.v4i2.523