Would Indian Agriculture Benefit from a Stewardship Model?

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37773/ees.v5i1.612

Abstract

Indian agriculture perpetuates – and therefore must reckon with – numerous threats to ecological, economic and social sustainability. These arise for the most part from the commodification of nature and the reliance on external inputs into increasingly industrialized forms of agriculture. Low external input agriculture like agroforestry, regenerative agriculture, and the like, are viable alternatives that are more likely to deliver outcomes suitable to the structure of Indian agriculture. However, they too depend on the commodification of nature as the sole source of economic framing. An alternate framing, the Stewardship Economy, would build on stewardship, a ‘duty of care’ that values monetized and non-monetised products and services within the framing of rewards, framed as stewardship dividends, to farmers and other stewards of land and landscapes. Developing a stewardship economy as the framework for Indian agriculture would lead to a more resilient, equitable and optimistic future for Indian agriculture.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

ARASG. 2021. "Regenerative Agriculture: An Opportunity for Businesses and Society to Restore Degraded Land in Africa." Africa Regenerative Agriculture Study Group. https://www.iucn.org/sites/dev/files/regnererative_agriculture_in_africa_report_2021.pdf

Barrett, Christopher B. 2008. "Poverty Traps and Resource Dynamics in Smallholder Agrarian Systems." In Economics of Poverty, Environment and Natural Resource Use, edited by A Ruijs and R Dellink, pp 17-40. Verlag: Springer.

Béné, Christophe, Peter Oosterveer, Lea Lamotte, Inge D Brouwer, Stef de Haan, Steve D Prager, Elise F Talsma, and Colin K Khoury. 2019. "When Food Systems Meet Sustainability: Current Narratives and Implications for Actions." World Development 113: 116-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.08.011.

Benton, Tim G and Rob Bailey. 2019. "The Paradox of Productivity: Agricultural Productivity Promotes Food System Inefficiency." Global Sustainability 2. https://doi.org/10.1017/sus.2019.3

Busch, Jonah, Avani Kapur, and Anit Mukerji. 2020. "Did India's Ecological Fiscal Transfers Incentivize State Governments to Increase Their Forestry Budgets?" Environmental Research Communications 2 (3): 031006. https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7620/ab817c

Chakrabarti, Suman, Mohammed Tajuddin Khan, Avinash Kishore, Devesh Roy, and Samuel P Scott. 2019. "Risk of Acute Respiratory Infection from Crop Burning in India: Estimating Disease Burden and Economic Welfare from Satellite and National Health Survey Data For 250 000 Persons." International Journal of Epidemiology 48 (4): 1113-1124. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz022

Chand, Ramesh. 2017. "Doubling Farmers Income." Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics 72 (1).

Chand, Ramesh. 2020. "Addressing Agrarian Distress: Sops Versus Development." In Planning in the 20th Century and Beyond: India's Planning Commission and the NITI Aayog, edited by Santosh Mehrotra and Sylvie Guichard, 110-131. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108859448.006

Chopra, Kanchan and Sumeet Gulati. 1997. "Environmental Degradation and Population Movements: The Role of Property Rights." Environmental and Resource Economics 9: 383-408. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026455024293.

Coase, Ronald H. 1960. "The Problem of Social Cost." The Journal of Law and Economics 3 (1): 1-44. https://doi.org/10.1086/466560

Costa, Daniel and Philip Martin. 2019. "OECD Highlights Temporary Labor Migration. Almost as Many Guestworkers as Permanent Immigrants." Economic Policy Institute. https://www.epi.org/blog/oecd-highlights-temporary-labor-migration-almost-as-many-guestworkers-as-permanent-immigrants/.

Dangar, Swarup, Akarsh Asoka, and Vimal Mishra. 2021. "Causes and Implications of Groundwater Depletion in India: A Review." Journal of Hydrology 596: 126103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2021.126103

Dasgupta, Partha. 2021. "The Economics of Biodiversity." The Dasgupta Review. London, UK: HM Treasury.

Davis, Dylan S and Kristina Douglass. 2021. "Remote Sensing Reveals Lasting Legacies of Land-Use by Small-Scale Foraging Communities in the Southwestern Indian Ocean." Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fevo.2021.689399/full.

Dorin, Bruno. 2021. "Theory, Practice and Challenges of Agroecology in India", International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability: 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/14735903.2021.1920760

Fletcher, Michael-Shawn, Rebecca Hamilton, Wolfram Dressler, and Lisa Palmer. 2021. "Indigenous Knowledge and the Shackles of Wilderness." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118 (40): 2022218118. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2022218118

Gaucherel, Cedric, Julie Alet, and Claude A Garcia. 2017. "Coffee Monoculture Trends in Tropical Agroforested Landscapes of Western Ghats (India)." Environmental Conservation 44 (2): 183-190. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892916000394

HLPE. 2019. "Agroecological and Other Innovative Approaches for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems that Enhance Food Security and Nutrition." A Report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security. Rome: FAO. http://www.fao.org/3/ca5602en/ca5602en.pdf.

IPBES. 2019. "Summary for Policymakers of the Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services." Sandra Díaz, Josef Settele, Eduardo Brondizio, Hien T Ngo, Alexander Pfaff, Stephen Polasky, John Agard, Almut Arneth, Patricia Balvanera, Kate A Brauman, et al. (eds). Bonn, Germany: IPBES Secretariat. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abb6019

IPCC. 2019. "IPCC Special Report on Climate Change, Desertification, Land Degradation, Sustainable Land Management, Food Security, and Greenhouse Gas Fluxes in Terrestrial Ecosystems." Summary for Policymakers. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In press. https://www.ipcc.ch/srccl/

Jayne, TS, David Mather, Elliot Mghenyi. 2010. "Principal Challenges Confronting Smallholder Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa." World Development 38 (10): 1384-1398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.06.002

Marchesi, Greta. 2020. "Justus von Liebig Makes the World: Soil Properties and Social Change in the Nineteenth Century." Environmental Humanities 12 (1): 205-226. https://doi.org/10.1215/22011919-8142308

McBratney, Alex, Brett Whelan, Tihomir Ancev, and Johan Bouma. 2005. "Future Directions of Precision Agriculture." Precision Agriculture 6: 7-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11119-005-0681-8

McWilliams, Carey. 1939. Factories in the Field. The Story of Migratory Farm Labor in California. Reprint 2000. California, USA: University of California Press. https://doi.org/10.1525/9780520925182

Nelson, Ann Raeboline Lincy Eliazer, Kavitha Ravichandran, and Usha Antony. 2019. "The Impact of the Green Revolution on Indigenous Crops of India." Journal of Ethnic Foods 6 (1): 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42779-019-0011-9

National Statistical Office (NSO). 2021. "Situation Assessment of Agricultural Households and Land Holdings of Households in Rural India, 2019." New Delhi: National Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1753856

Pingali, Prabhu L. 2012. "Green Revolution: Impacts, Limits, and the Path Ahead." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (31): 2302-12308. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0912953109

Polasky, Stephen, Catherine L Kling, Simon A Levin, Stephen R Carpenter, Gretchen C Daily, Paul R Ehrlich, Geoffrey M Heal, and Jane Lubchenco. 2019. "Role of Economics in Analyzing the Environment and Sustainable Development." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (12): 5233-5238. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1901616116

Prabhu, Ravi, Steven Lawry, and John Colmey. 2021. "Creating a New Relationship with Nature Through a 'Stewardship Economy'." Forests News. https://forestsnews.cifor.org/74803/creating-a-new-relationship-with-nature-through-a-stewardship-economy?fnl=en.

Ramaswami, B. 2019. "Agricultural Subsidies." Study Prepared for the XV Finance Commission. New Delhi: Indian Statistical Institute.

Reid, Walter V, Harold A Mooney, Doris Capistrano, Stephen R Carpenter, Kanchan Chopra, Angela Cropper, Partha Dasgupta, Rashid Hassan, Rik Leemans, Robert M May, et al. 2005. "Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: Ecosystems and Human Well-being." Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Royal Society. 2009. Reaping the Benefits: Science and the Sustainable Intensification of Global Agriculture. London, UK: Royal Society. https://royalsociety.org/topics-policy/publications/2009/reaping-benefits/

Sharda, Vishwa N and Prabhat R Ojasvi. 2016. "A Revised Soil Erosion Budget for India: Role of Reservoir Sedimentation and Land-Use Protection Measures." Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 41: 2007-2023. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3965

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB). 2018. "Scientific and Economic Foundations Report." TEEB for Agriculture & Food: Scientific and Economic Foundations. Geneva: UN Environment. http://teebweb.org/our-work/agrifood/reports/scientific-economic-foundations/.

Taylor, Bradley. 2019. "Understanding Consumer Preferences from Social Media Data." NIM Marketing Intelligence Review 11 (2): 48-53. https://doi.org/10.2478/nimmir-2019-0016

Vågen, Tor-Gunnar and Leigh Ann Winowiecki. 2019. "Predicting the Spatial Distribution and Severity of Soil Erosion in the Global Tropics using Satellite Remote Sensing." Remote Sensing 11 (15): 1800. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11151800.

Additional Files

Published

2022-02-11