Crop Diversification for Sustainable Agriculture




In India, over the years, the new cropping systems have become predominant in view of their higher productivity as well as income for farmers. Examples are rice-wheat cropping system in the north, groundnut in Gujarat, sugarcane in the north, chickpea in southern states, arhar in the north-western states, soybean in Madhya Pradesh and adjoining states, and winter maize in Bihar. Unfortunately, most of these systems require diversification for greater sustainability and conservation of natural resources. Time is ripe now to bring in needed reforms in the existing cropping systems that are more scientifically based and more suited to varying agro-climatic conditions. The possibilities of future crop diversification that can increase farmers’ production as well as income and also ensure conservation agriculture through sustainable intensification are described in this commentary. There is a need for long term planning and development of various strategies for crop diversification in the best national interest.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Economic Survey. 2019–20. “Economic Survey 2019–20 – Volume 1 (January 2020).” New Delhi: Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

Grassini, Patricio, James E Specht, Matthijs Tollenaar, and Ignacio Ciampitti. 2015. “High-yield Maize–Soybean Cropping Systems in the US Corn Belt.” Crop Physiology: 17–41.

Holling, Crawford Stanley. 1973. “Resilience and Stability of Ecological Systems.” Annual Review of Ecological Systems 4 (1):1–23.

Joshi, P. 2005. “Crop Diversification in India: Nature, Pattern and Drivers.” New Delhi, India: Asian Development Bank.

Lin, Brenda B. 2011. “Resilience in Agriculture Through Crop Diversification: Adaptive Management for Environmental Change.” Bioscience 61 (3): 183–193.

Paroda, RS. 2006. “Strategy for Increasing Productivity Growth Rate in Agriculture.” Strategy Paper for the Planning Commission, Government of India for the proposed draft XI Five-Year Plan (submitted on 12th July 2006). New Delhi: Trust for Advancement of Agricultural Sciences.

Paroda, RS. 2018. “Reorienting Indian Agriculture: Challenges and Opportunities.” Oxfordshire: Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International (CABI).

Paroda, RS. 2019. “Report on Policies and Action Plans for a Secure and Sustainable Agriculture.” New Delhi: Committee Report submitted to the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Paroda, R. (2022). Crop Diversification for Sustainable Agriculture. Ecology, Economy and Society–the INSEE Journal, 5(1), 15–21.