Organic Farming in India

Catalysts that Can Help in Transition


  • M. Manjula Azim Premji University
  • P. Indira Devi (Formerly) Kerala Agriculture University



Organic Farming, Economic Incentives, Market based Instruments, PES, Sustainability


Organic farming has been receiving policy support from both the central and state governments in India since 2005. The shift in policy thrust from conventional chemical-input based farming to organic farming comes as a response to the sustainability concerns surrounding Indian agriculture. Despite this, organic farming remains niche, with less than 2% of the net sown area in the country under organic production. This paper suggests market-based instruments—which have been successful in inducing changes in farming practices in some countries across the globe—as complementary policy mechanisms for catalysing the transition to organic farming in India.


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Author Biographies

M. Manjula , Azim Premji University

School of Development, Azim Premji University, PES Campus, Hosur Road, Electronic City, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560100, India

P. Indira Devi, (Formerly) Kerala Agriculture University

(Former) Director of Research and Professor (Agricultural Economics), Kerala Agriculture University, 21, Pranavam, Thriveni Gardens, Calvery Road, Poothole, Thrissur, Kerala 680 004, India


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