Sustainable Harvests under Different Bio-economic Scenarios of Chilika Wetland’s Fisheries
The primary goal of fisheries management is to control overfishing and unregulated fisheries to protect stocks and boost the value of fish resources. In this study, we compare harvesting and fishing efforts in the maximum economic yield (MEY), maximum sustainable yield (MSY), and open access (OA) scenarios using Gordon-Schafer’s bioeconomic model to examine the economic status of Chilika’s fisheries. This paper also measures the effectiveness of Chilika Lake’s restoration measures. An independent sample t-test with bootstrap confidence intervals indicates the results’ robustness and concludes that the fisheries’ output has increased in the post-restoration period (2003–04 to 2020–21) in a statistically significant way. The estimated measures serve as the focal points for designing sustainable and optimal fisheries management strategies. They add to the ongoing research on stock evaluation, which helps determine harvesting effectiveness and strengthens the fishing stock to avoid exhaustion. Therefore, the expectation is that the outputs in the forms of optimal extraction and an enhanced management tool will improve livelihood opportunities and enhance other socioeconomic components of the fisheries sector. As a result, the findings will aid policymakers and other interested parties in creating a suitable harvesting strategy to attain economic optimality.
Adduci, Matilde. 2009. “Neoliberal Wave Rocks Chilika Lake, India: Conflict over Intensive Aquaculture from a Class Perspective.” Journal of Agrarian Change 9 (4): 484–511. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0366.2009.00229.x
Booth, Hollie, Dale Squires, and E J Milner-Gulland. 2019. “The Neglected Complexities of Shark Fisheries, and Priorities for Holistic Risk-based Management.” Ocean & Coastal Management 182: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2019.104994
CDA. 2013. Annual Report 2011–12 and 2012–13. Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar. https://www.chilika.com/documents/publication_1507881562.pdf.
CDA. 2017. Chilika Lake – Ecosystem Health Report Card – 2016. Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar. https://www.chilika.com/ documents/publication_1507881562.pdf.
CDA. 2022. Chilika at a Glance. Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar. https://www.chilika.com/chilika-at-a-glance.php.
Clark, Colin W. 1973. “The Economics of Overexploitation: Severe Depletion of Renewable Resources May Result from High Discount Rates Used by Private Exploiters.” Science 181 (4100): 630–634. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.181.4100.630
Coppola, Gianluigi, and Sean Pascoe. 1998. “A Surplus Production Model with a Nonlinear Catch-Effort Relationship.” Marine Resource Economics 13 (1): 37–50. https://doi.org/10.1086/mre.13.1.42629217
Costello, Christopher, Daniel Ovando, Tyler Clavelle, C Kent Strauss, Ray Hilborn, Michael C Melnychuk, Trevor A Branch et al. 2016. “Global Fishery Prospects Under Contrasting Management Regimes.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (18): 5125–9. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1520420113
Courchamp, Franck, Elena Angulo, Philippe Rivalan, Richard J Hall, Laetitia Signoret, Leigh Bull, and Yves Meinard. 2006. “Rarity Value and Species Extinction: The Anthropogenic Allee Effect.” PLoS Biology 4 (12): https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0040415
Das, Lalatendu Keshari. 2014. “Privatization of CPRs and the Informal Sector.” Economic & Political Weekly 9(40).
Dowling, Natalie, Jono Wilson, Merrill Rudd, Elizabeth Babcock, Matias Caillaux, Jason Cope, Dawn Dougherty et al. 2016. “FishPath: A Decision Support System for Assessing and Managing Data and Capacity-limited Fisheries.” In Assessing and Managing Data-Limited Fish Stocks. Alaska Sea Grant, University of Alaska Fairbanks. https://doi.org/10.4027/amdlfs.2016.03
FAO. 2020. Towards Blue Transformation. Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations. https://www.fao.org/state-of-fisheries-aquaculture
Farmery, Anna, Emily Ogier, Caleb Gardner, and Julia Jabour. 2019. “Incorporating Ecologically Sustainable Development Policy Goals Within Fisheries Management: An Assessment of Integration and Coherence in an Australian Context.” Journal of Environmental Management 249: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.07.001
Finlayson, Max, Gurdeep Rastogi, Deepak R Mishra, and Ajit K Pattnaik, eds. 2020. Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Chilika Lagoon, India. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-33424-6
Folke, C, Hahn, T, Olsson, P, and Norberg, J. 2005. “Adaptive Governance of Social–Ecological Systems.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources 30: 441–473. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.30.050504.144511
Gaget, Elie, I Le Viol, Diego Pavón-Jordán, V Cazalis, C Kerbiriou, F Jiguet, N Popoff et al. 2020. “Assessing the Effectiveness of the Ramsar Convention in Preserving Wintering Waterbirds in the Mediterranean.” Biological Conservation 243: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108485
Gardner, Royal C. and Barchiesi, Stefano and Beltrame, Coralie and Finlayson, C. and Galewski, Thomas and Harrison, Ian and Paganini, Marc and Perennou, Christian and Pritchard, Dave and Rosenqvist, Ake and Walpole, Matt. 2015. “State of the World's Wetlands and Their Services to People: A Compilation of Recent Analyses” (March 31, 2015). Ramsar Briefing Note No. 7. Gland, Switzerland: Ramsar Convention Secretariat. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2589447.
Geijzendorffer, Ilse, Coralie Beltrame, Laurent Chazee, Elie Gaget, Thomas Galewski, Anis Guelmami, Christian Perennou et al. 2019. “A More Effective Ramsar Convention for the Conservation of Mediterranean Wetlands.” Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7: 21. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00021
Ghosh, Asish K, Ajit K Pattnaik, and Thomas J Ballatore. 2006. “Chilika Lagoon: Restoring Ecological Balance and Livelihoods Through Re‐salinization.” Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management 11 (4): 239–55. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1770.2006.00306.x
Ghosh, Sasanka, and Arijit Das. 2020. “Wetland Conversion Risk Assessment of East Kolkata Wetland: A Ramsar Site Using Random Forest and Support Vector Machine Model.” Journal of Cleaner Production 275: 123475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123475
Gordon, H Scott. 1954. “The Economic Theory of a Common-property Resource: The Fishery.” Journal of Political Economy 62 (2): 124–42. https://doi.org/10.1086/257497
Grafton, R Quentin, Tom Kompas, and Ray W Hilborn. 2007. “Economics of Overexploitation Revisited.” Science 318 (5856): 1601. DOI:10.1126/science.1146017
Gudmundsson, Eyjolfur, and Cathy R Wessells. 2000. “Ecolabeling Seafood for Sustainable Production: Implications for Fisheries Management.” Marine Resource Economics 15 (2): 97–113. https://doi.org/10.1086/mre.15.2.42629294
Habib, Ahasan, Md Ullah, and Nguyen Ngoc Duy. 2014. “Bioeconomics of Commercial Marine Fisheries of Bay of Bengal: Status and Direction.” Economics Research International. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/538074
Hall, Richard, E J Milner‐Gulland, and F Courchamp. 2008. “Endangering the Endangered: The Effects of Perceived Rarity on Species Exploitation.” Conservation Letters 1 (2): 75–81. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2008.00013.x
Hilborn, Ray, and Carl Walters, eds. 2013. Quantitative Fisheries Stock Assessment: Choice, Dynamics and Uncertainty. Springer Science & Business Media.
Holma, Maija, Marko Lindroos, Atso Romakkaniemi, and Soile Oinonen. 2019. “Comparing Economic and Biological Management Objectives in the Commercial Baltic Salmon Fisheries.” Marine Policy 100: 207–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.11.011
Honey, Kristen, Jerry Moxley, and Rod M Fujita. 2010. “From Rags to Fishes: Data-poor Methods for Fishery Managers.” Managing Data-Poor Fisheries: Case Studies, Models & Solutions 1 (978): 159–84.
Hutchison, James, Mark Spalding, and Philine zu Ermgassen. 2014. “The Role of Mangroves in Fisheries Enhancement.” The Nature Conservancy and Wetlands International 54: 434.
Iwasaki, Shimpei, and Rajib Shaw. 2009. “Linking Human Security to Natural Resources: Perspective from a Fishery Resource Allocation System in Chilika Lagoon, India.” Sustainability Science 4: 281–92. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-009-0084-2
Kadekodi, Gopal, and Aparna Nayampalli. 2003. “Prospects of Reversing Biodiversity Losses in Lake Chilika in India.” Pacific and Asian Journal of Energy 13 (1): 37.
Kadekodi, Gopal, and S C Gulati. 1999. “Root Causes of Biodiversity Losses in Chilika Lake.” CMDR Monograph Series 26: 1–24.
Kankara, R S, and U S Panda. 2020. “Modelling of Hydrodynamics and Salinity Characteristics in Chilika Lagoon.” Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Chilika Lagoon, India: 115–131. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-33424-6_6
Kittinger, John, Lydia Teh, Edward Allison, Nathan Bennett, Larry Crowder, Elena Finkbeiner, Christina Hicks et al. 2017. “Committing to Socially Responsible Seafood.” Science 356 (6341): 912–3. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam9969
Larkin, Sherry, Sergio Alvarez, Gil Sylvia, and Michael Harte. 2011. “Practical Considerations in Using Bioeconomic Modelling for Rebuilding Fisheries.” OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers No. 38. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Mao, D, Z Wang, Y Wang, C-Y Choi, M Jia, M V Jackson, and R A Fuller. 2021. “Remote Observations in China’s Ramsar Sites: Wetland Dynamics, Anthropogenic Threats, and Implications for Sustainable Development Goals.” Journal of Remote Sensing. Article ID: 9849343. https://doi.org/10.34133/2021/9849343
Mills, David, Lena Westlund, Gertjan de Graaf, Yumiko Kura, Rolf Willman, and Kieran Kelleher. 2011. “Under-reported and Undervalued: Small-scale Fisheries in the Developing World.” In Small-scale Fisheries Management: Frameworks and Approaches for the Developing World, edited by Robert Pomeroy and Neil Andrew (eds), 1. CABI. https://doi.org/10.1079/9781845936075.0001
Mishra, Sujit Kumar, Siba Prasad Mishra, and Kalpataru Das. 2019. “Geo-dynamics, Salinity Gradient, and Vegetation Interdependence in Chilika Lagoon, a Tropical Wetland in Eastern India.” Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management 7 (1): 1–22. https://doi.org/10.20527/jwem.v7i1.186
Mohanty, S K, K S Bhatta, Rajeeb K Mohanty, S Mishra, A Mohapatra, and A K Pattnaik. 2008. “Eco-restoration Impact on Fishery Biodiversity and Population Structure in Chilika Lake.” In Monitoring and Modelling Lakes and Coastal Environments, edited by Pratap K Mohanty, 1–21. Springer Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6646-7_1
Mohapatra, A, Rajeeb Mohanty, S K Mohanty, K S Bhatta, and N R Das. 2007. “Fisheries Enhancement and Biodiversity Assessment of Fish, Prawn and Mud Crab in Chilika Lagoon Through Hydrological Intervention.” Wetlands Ecology and Management 15: 229–251. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-006-9025-3
Molony, Brett, Alex Ford, Ana Sequeira, Angel Borja, Anna Milena Zivian, Carol Robinson, Christian Lønborg et al. 2022. “Sustainable Development Goal 14 – Life Below Water: Towards a Sustainable Ocean.” Frontiers in Marine Science 8: 2130. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.829610
Munguía, Steffanie, and Joel Heinen. 2021. “Assessing Protected Area Management Effectiveness: The Need for a Wetland-specific Evaluation Tool.” Environmental Management 68 (6): 773–84. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-021-01527-1
Nagothu, Udaya Sekhar. 2004. “Utilization and Conservation of Natural Resources in the Semi-arid Region of Rajasthan, India: Mainstream Views and Local Realities.”
Nayak, P K, and F Berkes. 2011. “Commonisation and Decommonisation: Understanding the Processes of Change in the Chilika Lagoon, India.” Conservation and Society 9(2): 132–145. https://doi.org/10.4103/0972-4923.83723
–––. 2014. “Linking Global Drivers with Local and Regional Change: A Social-Ecological System Approach in Chilika Lagoon, Bay of Bengal.” Regional Environmental Change 14(6): 2067–2078.
Nayak, Prateep Kumar. 2012. “Change and Marginalization: Livelihoods, Commons Institutions and Environmental Justice in Chilika Lagoon, India.” University of Manitoba, Canada. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-012-0369-3
Oosterveer, Peter. 2008. “Governing Global Fish Provisioning: Ownership and Management of Marine Resources.” Ocean & Coastal Management 51 (12): 797–805. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2008.08.002
Ostrom, E. 2009. Understanding Institutional Diversity. Princeton University Press. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt7s7wm
Pauly, Daniel, Villy Christensen, Sylvie Guénette, Tony J Pitcher, U Rashid Sumaila, Carl J Walters, Reg Watson, and Dirk Zeller. 2002. “Towards Sustainability in World Fisheries.” Nature 418 (6898): 689–95. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01017
Pomeranz, Emily F, Darragh Hare, Daniel J Decker, Ann B Forstchen, Cynthia A Jacobson, Christian A Smith, and Michael V Schiavone. 2021. “Successful Wildlife Conservation Requires Good Governance.” Frontiers in Conservation Science 2: 753289. https://doi.org/10.3389/fcosc.2021.753289
Ramsar (2023) The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. http://www.ramsar.org.
Sahu, Biraja Kumar, Premalata Pati, and R C Panigrahy. 2014. “Environmental Conditions of Chilika Lake During Pre and Post Hydrological Intervention: An Overview.” Journal of Coastal Conservation 18: 285–97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-014-0318-z
Salayo, Nerissa, Len Garces, Michael Pido, Kuperan Viswanathan, Robert Pomeroy, Mahfuzuddin Ahmed, Ida Siason, Keang Seng, and Awae Masae. 2008. “Managing Excess Capacity in Small-scale Fisheries: Perspectives from Stakeholders in Three Southeast Asian Countries.” Marine Policy 32 (4): 692–700. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2007.12.001
Samal, Kishor C. 2002. “Shrimp Culture in Chilika Lake: Case of Occupational Displacement of Fishermen.” Economic & Political Weekly 37 (18): 1714–8.
Samraoui, Boudjéma, and Farrah Samraoui. 2013. “An Ornithological Survey of Algerian Wetlands: Important Bird Areas, Ramsar Sites and Threatened Species.” Wildfowl 58 (58): 71–96.
Schaefer, Milner B. 1957. “Some Considerations of Population Dynamics and Economics in Relation to the Management of the Commercial Marine Fisheries.” Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada 14 (5): 669–81. https://doi.org/10.1139/f57-025
Seijo, Juan Carlos. 2001. Fisheries Bioeconomics. Daya Books.
Sekhar, N U. 2004. “Fisheries in Chilika lake: How Community Access and Control Impacts their Management.” Journal of Environmental Management 73(3): 257–266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.07.006
Sekhar, N U. 2007. “Social Capital and Fisheries Management: The Case of Chilika Lake in India.” Environmental Management 39(4): 497–505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-006-0183-0
Sethi, Suresh, Trevor Branch, and Reg Watson. 2010. “Global Fishery Development Patterns are Driven by Profit but Not Trophic Level.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107 (27): 12163–67. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1003236107
Sukhdev, Pavan, Heidi Wittmer, Christoph Schröter-Schlaack, Carsten Nesshöver, Joshua Bishop, P. Ten Brink, Haripriya Gundimeda, Pushpam Kumar, and Ben Simmons. 2010. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Mainstreaming the Economics of Nature: A Synthesis of the Approach, Conclusions and Recommendations of TEEB. No. 333.95 E19. UNEP, Ginebra (Suiza).
Tietze, Uwe. 2016. “Technical and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Small-scale Coastal Fishing Communities, and Opportunities for Poverty Alleviation and Empowerment.” FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular C1111: I.
Zimmermann, Fabian, Stein Ivar Steinshamn, and Mikko Heino. 2011. “Optimal Harvest Feedback Rule Accounting for the Fishing‐up Effect and Size‐dependent Pricing.” Natural Resource Modeling 24 (3): 365–82. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-7445.2011.00095.x
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Aditi Samant Singhar, Haripriya Gundimeda
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The author(s) retain copyright on work published by INSEE unless specified otherwise.
Licensing and publishing rights
Author(s) of work published by INSEE are required to transfer non-exclusive publishing right to INSEE of the definitive work in any format, language and medium, for any lawful purpose.
Authors who publish in Ecology, Economy and Society will release their articles under the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license. This license allows anyone to copy and distribute the article for non-commercial purposes provided that appropriate attribution is given.
For details of the rights that the authors grant users of their work, see the "human-readable summary" of the license, with a link to the full license. (Note that "you" refers to a user, not an author, in the summary.)
The authors retain the non-exclusive right to do anything they wish with the published article(s), provided attribution is given to the Ecology, Economy and Society—the INSEE Journal with details of the original publication, as set out in the official citation of the article published in the journal. The retained right specifically includes the right to post the article on the authors’ or their institution’s websites or in institutional repositories.
In case of re-publishing a previously published work, author may note that earlier publication may have taken place a license different from Creative Commons. In all such cases of re-publishing, we advise the authors to consult the applicable licence at article level.